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Blog criado por Bruno Coriolano de Almeida Costa, professor de Língua Inglesa desde 2002. Esse espaço surgiu em 2007 com o objetivo de unir alguns estudiosos e professores desse idioma. Abordamos, de forma rápida e simples, vários aspectos da Língua Inglesa e suas culturas. Agradeço a sua visita.

"Se tivesse perguntado ao cliente o que ele queria, ele teria dito: 'Um cavalo mais rápido!"

sexta-feira, 28 de setembro de 2018

Is This Smart Drug The Most Powerful Brain Enhancer in the World?




(NBC NEWS) Welcome To The Future -These were the opening words of Dr. Raqif who appeared on The Doctors Show to talk about a highly advanced brain supplement that is sending shock-waves through the medical community.

Major pharmaceutical companies were up in arms after The Doctors referred to it as “Viagra for the Brain”. This ground-breaking pill is called Reviva Brain and many experts believe it could be the most powerful brain enhancer in the world.

It first came into the spotlight about 3 years ago when the creators of the “Limitless” movie cited Reviva Brain as their inspiration for the fictional drug NZT-48. Soon after, it garnered widespread use amongst students, athletes, and business executives.

Specifically, men and women between the ages 18–35 benefited the most as the effects were amplified due to the ingredients’ reaction to a gene called NRXN3 in the human brain.

Reviva Brain, which has no recorded side effects in any clinical trials, was soon the target of several major pharmaceutical companies who claimed it was too powerful to be sold without a prescription. Other critics in academic circles insisted that Reviva Brain provided an artificial edge for its users and was unfair to those who weren’t taking it.

This led to it being banned from quiz shows like Jeopardy! and at many top universities such as Cambridge. Facing legal pressure from Big Pharma, the creators of Reviva Brain were eventually forced to halt production of the Limitless Pills.

Fortunately, after 3 years of litigation and clinical studies showing its safety, the FDA has approved Reviva Brain as one of the first approved cognitive enhancers and the ban was finally lifted. The creators of Reviva Brain are now allowed to resume selling online.

Its reappearance has thrilled users around the world - people who genuinely suffered during its absence. “My ability to think and focus more than doubled when I was able to buy Reviva Brain again. The pill’s return prevented me from dropping out of college,” a premed student told us.



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World’s First Flying Car To Go On Sale Next Month


Read the original text here




As if any proof were needed that we now live in the film Blade Runner, from next month you’ll be able to pre-order one of the world’s first flying cars.

Yep, that means that in the not-too-distant future you’ll be able to whizz around the skies, Jetson style, in a vehicle that can transform between a normal (well, as normal as it can be) road car and a flying car in less than a minute.

They’re made by a company called Terrafugia, which belongs to Volvo, and it’s called a Transition. It can fly for up to 400 miles and can reach a top speed of 200mph. That’s pretty quick, by anyone’s standards.

There’s not a definite price on it yet, but you can safely assume that if you have to ask, you probably can’t afford one.

According to Chinese news agency Xinhua, they’ll be taking pre-orders on them starting from October.

So, what can we expect from it?

Well, it’s hybrid electric powered and has all of the normal things you’d expect from a car.

That said, what it does provide that my battered Ford Fiesta doesn’t is a parachute system, fold out wings, and a ‘boost’ mode aimed at giving you a bit of extra oomph when flying.



However, one thing that it does require that my old Fiesta doesn’t is a pilot’s licence.

It’s totally road legal, but you’ll need to be allowed to fly an aeroplane to take this thing off terra firma.

With that in mind, the company that makes it believes it could be of great use to pilots who can fly it to a small airport, then simply fold the wings in and drive it home. That’s an ambitious business model. Niche doesn’t quite cover it.

However, if you are in that small group of pilots who constantly thinks “I wish I didn’t have to get out of my plane to drive home” then this is the vehicle for you.

It can get up to an altitude of around 10,000 feet and weights just 1,300lbs.

After this, there are plans for the TF-X, a four-door version that they claim won’t require an airport for take-off and landing.

They say: “The TF-X won’t require an airport for take-off and landing, and it will drive on all roads and highways – providing the convenience of true door-to-door transportation.”

Chris Jaran, Terrafugia’s CEO, said: “Developing this new technology has allowed us to test several different mechanisms and generate process improvements along the way.

“We are at the critical point where we can implement the best design features based on years of flight and drive testing.

“This will improve function, safety and aesthetics for the optimal flying and driving experience.”

Just wait until one of these falls into the wrong hands.


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In some instances, I have been unable to trace the owners of the pictures used here; therefore, I would appreciate any information that would enable me to do so. Thank you very much.
Is something important missing? Report an error or suggest an improvement. Please, I strive for accuracy and fairness. If you see something that doesn't look right, contact me!
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segunda-feira, 24 de setembro de 2018

Do you readers know what A GUT REACTION means?




HAVE YOU EVER had been through that situation in which you see or read (or even hear) a sentence that you can understand every single word of it, but you cannot understand the whole meaning of what was said? If so, relax, this is supposed to be a normal situation, even though you may feel demotivated at some point. When some words are put together and used figuratively it can be really difficult to work out their meanings. I am talking here about idioms.

The situation described above happen quite often among the English language learners. One of the main reasons for the students to find idioms difficult to understand is due to the nature of the so-called idioms. Moreover, the imaginary situation involved in the idioms may demand more from the language user.

Some idioms have historical and cultural contexts, sound patterns, stories, popular culture, literature and so on and so forth. It is very important to know more than just words and grammar to understand idioms and slang.

For the next months, I will be writing about idioms in the English language in my next entries for this site. In order to do so, I will divide the idioms – with their definitions, examples and the like – into some categories.

Do you readers know what A GUT REACTION means?

A GUT REACTION is an immediate and instinctive response. That is a reaction that one has immediately and strong, without thinking towards something; instinct, intuition.  

EXAMPLE:

·        Her immediate gut reaction was to never write again.

·        I think she will go with her gut reaction.

·        My initial gut reaction was that the merger would result in a drop in stock prices, but the opposite turned out to be true.

·     “I usually follow my gut reaction, because it’s usually right. I don’t think about stuff too much. I just follow my instinct.”

·    Your gut reaction may be that this sounds terrifying or perverse. (Times, Sunday Times, 2012)

·      When cops go round to speak to people they often get a gut reaction, particularly detectives. (The Sun, 2012)

·       'I don't like decisions at the best of times and this is constant decision-making, so it's just having to go with that gut reaction. (The Sun, 2014)

·       Keanu Reeves once said: “I have a gut reaction to the material that I’m dealing with and if there’s something, like, Something’s Gotta Give, when I read this script, I was like, ‘This is one of the best scripts that I’ve ever read, period.’”



Bruno Coriolano de Almeida Costa é professor universitário, com 17 anos de experiência; graduado em Língua Inglesa; especialista em Ensino de Língua Inglesa (Lato sensu); tem certificação TEFL/TESOL e é mestre e doutorando em inglês pelo Programa de Pós-Graduação em Inglês: Estudos Linguísticos e Literários, da UFSC, Florianópolis.


PORTAL DA LÍNGUA INGLESA has no responsibility for the persistence or accuracy of URLs for external or third-partly internet websites referred to in this post, and does not guarantee that any context on such websites are, or will remain, accurate or appropriate.
In some instances, I have been unable to trace the owners of the pictures used here; therefore, I would appreciate any information that would enable me to do so. Thank you very much.
Is something important missing? Report an error or suggest an improvement. Please, I strive for accuracy and fairness. If you see something that doesn't look right, contact me!
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terça-feira, 18 de setembro de 2018

[Conversation] What book changed your perspective on life?



What book changed your perspective on life?




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In some instances, I have been unable to trace the owners of the pictures used here; therefore, I would appreciate any information that would enable me to do so. Thank you very much.
Is something important missing? Report an error or suggest an improvement. Please, I strive for accuracy and fairness. If you see something that doesn't look right, contact me!
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sábado, 15 de setembro de 2018

“Liberty means responsibility. That is why most men dread it.” George Bernard Shaw





Liberty is freedom, freedom to think for ourselves and live our lives in accordance with our own rational thought. “Give me liberty or give me death!” This famous quote by Patrick Henry is an interesting one to ponder. At first hearing, one cannot help but be inspired by a man who sought liberty so desperately that he would rather have it than live a life without it. Because of this passion, this quote has been manipulated over time to apply to anything of personal value that a person desperately seeks or desires, such as “Give me convenience or give me death!” While this passion is certainly one part of what Henry intended when he made this statement, I think there is also a deeper and perhaps less obvious implication. It is an either or statement. It is either liberty OR death. Liberty entitles you to your life. Henry knew in contrast, a life controlled by another, a life lived in servitude, a life directed by anything other than the dictates of one’s own conscience, is no real life at all.




However, if we are to live life by our decisions, then we have to accept the consequences (good and bad) of those decisions. We have to take responsibility. If you buy a house for more than you can afford and default, you lose the house. If you run a business unsuccessfully, you fail. You cannot make a decision and then avoid the consequences. It is against natural law, it is against common sense. If you want to have freedom, if you want to make your own decisions and embrace free agency, and live your life the way you see fit, then you absolutely have to accept responsibility for the life you choose to live. This is easy when our decisions go according to plan and the consequences are desirable.

However, when we make wrong decisions and are faced with undesirable consequences; this is when some place their liberty in jeopardy. We can either accept the consequences and fight our way through and preserve our freedom; OR we can shift blame, look for a bailout, and wait for someone else to clean up our mess. That is when our liberty is lost, the very minute we refuse to take responsibility for our own actions. That is when we opt for security over freedom, bondage over accountability, death over liberty.

We see this right now, as GM is not allowed to even make their own personnel decisions anymore. Story Story 2


What is the opposite of living a life of freedom and responsibility? You live a life directed by others and thus supposedly escape any responsibility for your actions, because your actions were at the command of another. Even if this were possible, how is it possibly appealing? Is it really so demanding to be accountable for your own actions that you would willingly give up your personal freedoms to achieve such a state? Is it really worth it to sacrifice your control over your existence just to avoid hard times? Is man’s potential really just that of following orders with no thought for their consequence? Can man even really exist as man without thinking for himself? (Ayn Rand makes an excellent point of this in Atlas Shrugged, John Galt’s speech)

There are so many in this country today that just want to be told what to do, what to believe, how to act, how to react, what principles (or lack thereof) to live by, who to be angry at, who not to question… how to live. They don’t want to think. They don’t want to explore their own potential. They don’t want to become great. They just want to exist. What for? Living just to not be dead, is not living. They just want to be taken care of. But at the expense of freedom? H.L. Mencken said;

“The average man does not want to be free. He simply wants to be safe.”

It is no wonder socialism in our country is flourishing, if the mindset of the masses is such. They fear uncertainty and crave safety and security EVEN at the expense of their liberty. Perhaps ignorance is their sin, with no knowledge of the principles this country was founded on…

“Liberty cannot be preserved without a general knowledge among the people.” — John Adams

“Life is a daily IQ test. Regarding liberty, it seems that most people are failing the test. It is up to those of us who can see what is right to make sure we do not give up the fight.” — J.B. Pruitt

Perhaps they believe that as long as their intentions are good, the ends justify the means, even at the expense of freedom…

“The greatest tyrannies are always perpetrated in the name of the noblest causes.” — Thomas Paine

“Good intentions will always be pleaded for every assumption of power. It is hardly too strong to say that the Constitution was made to guard the people against the dangers of good intentions. There are men in all ages who mean to govern well, but they mean to govern. They promise to be good masters, but they mean to be masters.”
— Daniel Webster

Perhaps they have been duped by the media and the false promises of the current administration…

“If we become a people who are willing to give up our money and our freedom in exchange for rhetoric and promises, then nothing can save us.” — Thomas Sowell

or perhaps very simply:

“Liberty means responsibility. That is why most men dread it.” –George Bernard Shaw

Why do men dread responsibility? Because they will have to live a life of their own choosing, with no one to blame but themselves if things don’t go exactly as planned. Why do men dread liberty? Because it requires them to live this type of life.


PORTAL DA LÍNGUA INGLESA has no responsibility for the persistence or accuracy of URLs for external or third-partly internet websites referred to in this post, and does not guarantee that any context on such websites are, or will remain, accurate or appropriate.
In some instances, I have been unable to trace the owners of the pictures used here; therefore, I would appreciate any information that would enable me to do so. Thank you very much.
Is something important missing? Report an error or suggest an improvement. Please, I strive for accuracy and fairness. If you see something that doesn't look right, contact me!
Your feedback is welcome. Please direct comments and questions to me at bruno_coriolano@hotmail.com
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domingo, 2 de setembro de 2018

COULD THE SWEDISH CONCEPT 'FIKA' HELP YOU FULFILL YOUR POTENTIAL


It’s hard to imagine a time when actively improving one’s lifestyle is more popular than now. In order to achieve happiness, we alter our diets and exercise routines, we embrace minimalism, spiritualism, we read self-help books, take digital breaks, monitor our heartbeats and meditate using apps. We spend a lot of time, money and effort seeking a lifestyle that will make us happy. The truth is, navigating this road to happiness can be nothing short of exhausting.




With this in mind, when the Scandinavian lifestyle concept 'Hygge' - the art of being cosy - became the buzzword of last year I wasn’t particularly surprised. Lighting candles, wearing comfortable clothes, snuggling up under a blanket and spending quality time with loved ones feels like going back to basics. It is so simple, and if you listen to the adopters, so effective.

But whilst hygge might help some of us achieve happiness at home, it does seem a hard concept to apply at work. Because surely, work cannot be cosy? I’m happy to say that us Scandinavians have another trick up our sleeve for this - allow me to introduce you to 'fika'.

Fika is taking a break from work, having a cup of coffee, eating baked goods and chatting to your fellow work colleagues in a relaxed environment. In Sweden, fika happens twice a day in the majority of workplaces, once in the morning and once in the afternoon (förmiddagsfika and eftermiddagsfika). That’s 20 minutes a pop for each break in addition to an hour’s lunch.

Try taking the fika break away from a Swede and you shall be met with utter resistance. In fact, since employers too can see the benefits of fika you’ll rarely find anyone wanting to take it away. Each time fika becomes the topic for research and study, the many benefits of the 20-minute coffee break are reaffirmed.

It may be that we Scandinavian’s aren’t exactly famous for being the cheeriest bunch, but look at the 2016 World Happiness Report and you’ll find all five Scandinavian countries in the top 10, with Denmark securing the top spot. So where does fika play into this and how does it actually work?



Margareta Troein Töllborn is a professor at Lund University and has been studying how employers can reduce stress and work related conditions that lead to long-term sick leave. She argues that increased fika breaks could hold the key to improved wellness among employees. What Margareta found in her research was that short, consistent 'recovery' periods drastically decrease the risk of staff burning out. Not only do such breaks lead to increased staff wellbeing and overall happiness, but they save employers from paying costly sick leave in the long term.

Furthermore, a recent survey conducted by United Minds showed that when it comes to creative ideas, Fika is of immense importance to Swedish businesses. In fact, the survey shows that only nine per cent of all new ideas were brought up in a traditional meeting environment. Rather, it is during the more relaxed get-togethers of fika where ideas are born. There are several potential explanations for this. Not only is fika cross-functional which aids perspective and helps generate new ideas, fika’s unofficial status and relaxed setting means staff are more open to brainstorm and less intimidated about suggesting new ideas.

Happiness, wellbeing and creativity are all great things but add to that another surprising benefit of fika - studies show that fika actually increases productivity. This fact has not gone unnoticed by the rest of the world. Renowned computer scientist and psychological professor Alex Pentland concluded in his research of workplaces that by scheduling regular coffee breaks, staff productivity increased by 10 to 15 per cent. As for happiness, employee satisfaction rose with 10 per cent. Some may call that a win-win. The main reason according to Pentland was the improved communication between employees. As people get together to talk and discuss both work and nonwork related topics, productivity increases. All Swedes know that it is during fika that we get to know one another, guards are down, hierarchies are flat and this helps work relationships even when fika is over and you’re back at your desk.



When I moved from Sweden to London I thought I was saying goodbye to fika at work for good. However, when I joined Hubble, a business whose vision is to empower people and businesses to love where they work by matching them with their perfect workspace, I knew that I might have a shot. If anyone would be open to the idea of fika, it was them. Luckily - I was right. For the past two weeks the whole company breaks at 3.30 for coffee, cake and chat. Although we’re yet to see the long-term results of fika, the feedback from teams and managers alike has been nothing short of glowing. I don’t think I’m exaggerating when I say that since introducing fika we are a stronger, tighter, more efficient and above all - happier  - team than ever before.


From:



PORTAL DA LÍNGUA INGLESA has no responsibility for the persistence or accuracy of URLs for external or third-partly internet websites referred to in this post, and does not guarantee that any context on such websites are, or will remain, accurate or appropriate.
In some instances, I have been unable to trace the owners of the pictures used here; therefore, I would appreciate any information that would enable me to do so. Thank you very much.
Is something important missing? Report an error or suggest an improvement. Please, I strive for accuracy and fairness. If you see something that doesn't look right, contact me!
Your feedback is welcome. Please direct comments and questions to me at bruno_coriolano@hotmail.com
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quinta-feira, 9 de agosto de 2018

Global warming may become unstoppable even if we stick to Paris target


I don’t even know whether Global Warming is real or not, but…

“We could be on the verge of triggering a series of cascading tipping points that result in the planet warming 4 or 5°C hotter than the pre-industrial benchmark.
That, at least, is the view of a group of 16 climate scientists, who have spelled out a scenario in which sea levels would be 10 to 60 metres higher than today. This warming would continue even if we ceased pumping CO2 into the atmosphere – and the threshold could be as low as 2°C.

If they are right, it means that the supposed “safe” limit for global warming set out in the Paris agreement might be anything but. “Two degrees may actually be very dangerous,” says Johan Rockstrom of Stockholm University, who is one of the 16.”




From NEWSCIENTIST:



Global Warming Is the Biggest Fraud in History - Dan Pena



PORTAL DA LÍNGUA INGLESA has no responsibility for the persistence or accuracy of URLs for external or third-partly internet websites referred to in this post, and does not guarantee that any context on such websites are, or will remain, accurate or appropriate.
In some instances, I have been unable to trace the owners of the pictures used here; therefore, I would appreciate any information that would enable me to do so. Thank you very much.
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